Paradise Creek Restoration

Major projects like these have helped us restore miles of polluted river bottom, shoreline, and wildlife habitat. But we’ve still got miles to go. Do Something Beautiful. Join the Elizabeth River Project.

A troubled tributary finds new life beyond our wildest imagination


Reaching 2.6 miles into Portsmouth from the Elizabeth River’s Southern Branch, Paradise Creek was no paradise at all. With naval landfills, metal scrap yards and industrial sites on one side, and residential Portsmouth on the other, Paradise Creek had become one of the most polluted and contaminated areas in the Elizabeth River watershed. Decades of abuse had accumulated on the creek’s floor – a thick, toxic stew of sandblast grit, iron and metal, with high concentrations of copper, lead, nickel, zinc, mercury, cobalt, chromium, pesticides and PCBs. The foundation of the Creek’s food chain had been wiped out. Six different areas had been designated federal “Superfund” sites. And in 2001, a team of Old Dominion University researchers concluded that two worms made up 86 percent of the life in the creek bottom. Two worms.

Paradise Lost

miles of Creek
wetlands lost
“Superfund” sites

Our River:

the project

Inspired by the Navy’s Multimillion-dollar removal of “black beauty” sandblast grit from the Creek’s headwaters in 2001, the Elizabeth River Project saw hope in Paradise Creek. There, we saw a microcosm of the challenges facing the rest of the river. To bring the river back to health, we brought together more than 50 of the Creek’s biggest stakeholders – industrial landowners and university researchers, technical advisors, government regulatory agencies, residents, civic leagues, schools and the Navy. Together, the group created a rescue plan as massive as the problem we faced, guiding us as we secured the funding and technical support to dredge tons of toxic sediment from the creek bottom, restore lost wetlands and wildlife habitat, and protect one of the last mature forests found anywhere on the Elizabeth River.

Paradise Found

100+ ACRES
of new wetlands
160 bird

species documented
40 Acres
The Work Continues

With Your Help

Cleaning up decades of abuse on Paradise Creek was never enough. The stakeholder team’s ultimate goal was to create a place where nature, industry and human activity could peacefully coexist. We’ve done just that. Today, more than 20 restoration projects have been completed along Paradise Creek, including the creation of Paradise Creek Nature Park, opened by the Elizabeth River Project and the City of Portsmouth as the city’s third largest public park in December 2012. Other Paradise Creek restoration projects may sit out of the public view, but they’ve been no less impactful on the creek’s future. As throughout the Elizabeth River, there’s still so much left to do. Thanks for your continued support.

With your help, the Elizabeth River Project continues to play a catalyst role in the cleanup of Paradise Creek with many partners.
  • Latest: The US Environmental Protection Agency has identified federal funding for a project to clean up 33 acres of contamination at the former Peck Iron & Metal site, a large-scale project estimated to cost at least $17 million and reduce impacts to the ecosystem and human health.  
  • Rather than pave over one of its “Superfund” landfills with a parking lot, the Navy took the time – and saved money –  by removing the contamination to the right grade to create new wetlands. The Navy also created a 70-acre wildlife area, winning a White House Award.
  • Numerous area employers have become River Star Businesses with Elizabeth River Project, with their own wetland restoration and pollution reduction projects.
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, built a half-acre oyster reef near the mouth of the creek.
  • The Elizabeth River Project and the City of Portsmouth opened Paradise Creek Nature Park in 2012. The City operates the park and Elizabeth River Project continues to enhance environmental education and restoration there with your membership support. Thank you!
  • Future plans, with your help, include a multi-use trail from the nature park to the top of the Jordan Bridge – the “Creek to Sky” Trail.

Welcome to Paradise Creek Nature Park

From the start, Paradise Creek’s stakeholders knew that increasing public access would be key to the Creek’s long-term stewardship. Our goal was to create a public park where residents could enjoy safe access to the same creek where many area residents had played – illegally and unsafely – as kids. We found just the spot: An aging boatyard that was up for sale, with a dense patch of native forest right next to it known as “The Mudflats.”

To buy the land, the Elizabeth River Project raised $1.4 million, and convinced generous donors and private partners to contribute another $4.5 million more to design and build today’s 40-acre public Paradise Creek Nature Park. The Port of Virginia, meanwhile, removed 300,000 cubic yards of dredge spoils from the creek to create the park’s signature 11-acre wetland, an area fully open to the public with a handicap-accessible launch for kayaks and canoes. The City of Portsmouth had looked for decades to build a public park in this quadrant of the city. Now, Paradise Creek Nature Park is its third largest public park, and a welcoming place for student field trips, birdwatching, hiking, paddling, environmental education and relaxing. Paradise Creek also serves as a living, breathing reminder of how much people, government and business can accomplish when they work together.

Youth Water Monitoring Results

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Sample Data



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